Some men feel they have to conquer the world through war. An architect conquers the world through beauty. Leon Battista Alberti was so passionate about architecture; he believed it was almost a divine mission. Human minds naturally build. Humanity is aware of the brevity of life and seeks to build something great as a way of remembrance. Alberti considers this and takes it one step further. He balanced reality and idealism.
Alberti was a proponent of math uniting arts and sciences. This Renaissance man Leon Battista Alberi, one of the most important architects of the Italian Humanist movement (http://www.gpsriccione.com/en/rimini-en/tempio-malatestiano-3493.html).
In order for art to be pleasing, it must be in harmony. The only way to do that is to think in terms of proportions. Math is present in architectural representation with its emphasis on harmony. Alberti felt art should seek to be intimate with nature, but also be attentive to beauty. Math is necessary to create a sense of balance.
Alberti sought to have architecture perceived as an intellectual and professional discipline rather than a craft. It was deemed necessary to have its own theoretical context. The buildings of antiquity could be resurrected again and how they can be built with a modern sensibility. Alberti went to great lengths to discuss how building should be built. He was a man of many talents and he was considered by many to be a true Renaissance man. In fact, he was awarded by the Vatican to participate in papal constructions.
Tempio Malatestiano was originally a Gothic church in the 13th century. It had a simple nave ending in three apses. Many buildings remained from a bygone era and were considered by many to be eyesores. Visionary men like Alberti saw their potential to be updated. He sought to be unique. This was an experiment as it was his first foray into ecclesiastical architectural work. Aberti sought to pay homage to Romanesque architecture. He saw the beauty in the old and sought to make it new age. He drew his inspiration for a triumphal arch. The best example of the celebratory building is in Paris as the Arc d’ Triumph. Seen in his. Many sculptures. Triangular pediment. “In his treatise on architecture, Alberti would introduce the term tempio as the appropriate term for a church because it effectively reconciled the achievements of the ancients with the needs of the modern day (http://arts.muohio.edu/faculty/benson/alberti/).
Indeed, the building “defines beauty and consonance of the parts within the body” and “dimensionally the façade suggests a conflict between measure and proportion visually however this disjunction is used to emphasize the hierarchy , and therefore the harmony of the façade as perceived” (T.A. Anstey Fictive Harmonies: Music and the Tempio Malatestiano). There is some negative connotations as “ the church of San Francesco, Rimini was recased as a monument to the glory of the tyrant of Rimini, Sigismondo Malatesta.
The building was designed by Leon Battista Alberti(1404-72), one of “l’uomo universale” in Renaissance period. The director of the construction was Matteo de’Pasti and the designer of the interior was Agostino di Dccio (http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/orion/eng/hst/renais/rimini.html).
“Alberti Theory and Building.” College of Creative Arts – Miami University. http://arts.muohio.edu/faculty/benson/alberti/ (accessed September 27, 2013).
Anstey, T.A.. “Fictive Harmonies: Music and the Tempio Malatestiano.” Anthropology and Aesthetics 36, no. Autumn 1999 (1999): 186-204.
“History of Renaissance Architecture : San Francesco (Tempio Malatestiano).” http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/orion/eng/hst/renais/rimini.html (accessed September 27, 2013).
“Tempio Malatestiano  – GPS Riccione.” GPS Riccione. http://www.gpsriccione.com/en/rimini-en/tempio-malatestiano-3493.html (accessed September 27, 2013).